Herstory - The Legal history of Chinese American Women Exhibition,1982 Vincent Chin’s murder was a hate-crime.

2017-01-04 | 作者: chiu | 類別: 美國華人法律史, * 華人女性

Due to the increasing sales of Japanese cars to the U.S., in 1979, many autoworkers in Detroit were laid off. Vincent Chin, then 27 years old, received racially charged comments and was beaten to death. Two perpetrators Ebens and Nitz received lenient sentencing in a plea bargain which caused public outrage. The case became a rallying point for the Asian American community. Ebens and Nitz were put on trial for violating Chin's civil rights.

Because the subsequent federal prosecution was the result of public pressure from a coalition of many Asian ethnic organizations, Vincent Chin's murder is often considered the beginning of a pan-ethnic Asian American movement. Christine Choy and Renee Tajima-Pena produced a documentary “Who Killed Vincent Chin?” and it was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature in 1987.

1979年日本車大量銷美,美國汽車工人失業並失控。1982年,27歲的陳果仁被失業的白人汽車工人打死,兇嫌被判無罪,華人社區震怒。後來經過華人社團極力爭取,本案由聯邦檢察官提起公訴,並被定位為種族仇恨犯罪。

陳母余瓊芳(Lily Chin),在陳果仁6歲時從一家香港的孤兒院領養他。案發後,她向兇嫌提起民事求償,裁定得賠145萬美元,但兇嫌無力支付,至今已累積超過500萬美元。余瓊芳不堪觸景傷情,離美返回中國,她於2002年去世,在去世前她設立陳果仁獎學金。Christine Choy 和 Renee Tajima-Pena製作的紀錄片「誰殺了陳果仁?( Who Killed Vincent Chin ?)」獲得1987年奧斯卡最佳紀錄片獎提名。


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